Questions About the Modal Particle 吧

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    Avatar photoRainbow

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    A question with indicates that the speaker is almost certain of the situation) but not 100% sure. Frequently* adverbs such as —定(yídìnɡ‘definitely”) and 大概 (dàɡài ‘probably”) can be used in such a question, but 吧 alone can serve the function of indicating near certainty.

    (a)吧!or 吧 ?
    It is acceptable to use an exclamation mark instead of a question mark after 吧。

    你工作了一整天,(一定)累了吧! *
    nǐ ɡōnɡzuò le yì zhěnɡtiān , (yídìnɡ) lèi le ba!
    You worked all day; you must be tired,aren’t you?

    zhè běn shū shang xiě zhe nǐ de mínɡzi, shì nǐ de ba?
    This book has your name written in it. It must be yours, isn’t it?

    Although questions with 吧and 吗 both indicate that the speaker has made an assumption of •thee situation and has an expectation as to what the answer will be, shows a stronger assumption or expectation than 吗.
    (Situation: Someone has bought several French textbooks and two French dictionaries at a bookshop. The cashier could ask any of the following:)

    nǐ shì xué fǎwén de ba? (Near certainty.)
    You must be studying French, aren’t you?

    nǐ shì xué fǎwén de ma? (Expecting’ yes’ to be the answer.)
    Are you studying French?

    nǐ shìbùshì xué fǎwén de? (No assumption.)
    Are you (or are you not) studying French?

    Rainbow Chinese Langugae Institute !

    Avatar photoRainbow

    feel free to ask any other question here! I would love to offer any help!

    Avatar photoZak

    This was actually quite useful. 吧 is one of those early learns that you pick up early and tehn egregiously misuse throughout.

    What about 嘛?Modal particle to add emphasis? Any other fancy uses?

    Avatar photoRainbow

    Thanks for your question, if you want to know more and learn more, you can follow the official account on WeChat: Rainbow_Concept, we will share lot of Chinese knowledge on it.

    嘛ma, usually at the end of sentence, or short phrase.
    1 Modal particle to mean “it is obviously”. exampl:
    (búhuì bùyàojǐn  bian ɡān bian xué ma )
    Its doesn’t matter if you know nothing about it, you can learn while you do.
    (nǐ xiǎnɡ qù nǐ jiù qù ma.)
    If you like to go just go!

    2 after a short phrase, pause function, means to attact people’s attention to the next phrase about coming out. example.
    (wǒ ma  jiù búqù le. )
    and me, I won’t be there.

    (xiūjiǎ ma  jiùshì yàohǎo hǎowán.)
    Its holiday, should be fun!

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