Home›Forums›General Discussion›Questions About the Modal Particle 吧
- This topic has 3 replies, 2 voices, and was last updated 8 years ago by Rainbow.
June 23, 2014 at 1:30 pm #40933
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A question with indicates that the speaker is almost certain of the situation) but not 100% sure. Frequently* adverbs such as —定（yídìnɡ‘definitely”) and 大概 （dàɡài ‘probably”) can be used in such a question, but 吧 alone can serve the function of indicating near certainty.
(a)吧！or 吧 ？
It is acceptable to use an exclamation mark instead of a question mark after 吧。
nǐ ɡōnɡzuò le yì zhěnɡtiān , (yídìnɡ) lèi le ba!
You worked all day; you must be tired，aren’t you?
zhè běn shū shang xiě zhe nǐ de mínɡzi, shì nǐ de ba?
This book has your name written in it. It must be yours, isn’t it?
Although questions with 吧and 吗 both indicate that the speaker has made an assumption of •thee situation and has an expectation as to what the answer will be, shows a stronger assumption or expectation than 吗.
(Situation: Someone has bought several French textbooks and two French dictionaries at a bookshop. The cashier could ask any of the following:)
nǐ shì xué fǎwén de ba? (Near certainty.)
You must be studying French, aren’t you?
nǐ shì xué fǎwén de ma? (Expecting’ yes’ to be the answer.)
Are you studying French?
nǐ shìbùshì xué fǎwén de? (No assumption.)
Are you (or are you not) studying French?
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http://irainbowconcept.comJune 25, 2014 at 6:07 pm #41009
feel free to ask any other question here! I would love to offer any help!June 25, 2014 at 6:14 pm #41010ZakParticipant
This was actually quite useful. 吧 is one of those early learns that you pick up early and tehn egregiously misuse throughout.
What about 嘛？Modal particle to add emphasis? Any other fancy uses?June 26, 2014 at 2:35 pm #41029
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嘛ma, usually at the end of sentence, or short phrase.
1 Modal particle to mean “it is obviously”. exampl:
（búhuì bùyàojǐn bian ɡān bian xué ma ）
Its doesn’t matter if you know nothing about it, you can learn while you do.
（nǐ xiǎnɡ qù nǐ jiù qù ma.）
If you like to go just go!
2 after a short phrase, pause function, means to attact people’s attention to the next phrase about coming out. example.
（wǒ ma jiù búqù le. ）
and me, I won’t be there.
(xiūjiǎ ma jiùshì yàohǎo hǎowán.)
Its holiday, should be fun!
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